Showing posts with label Coriolis. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Coriolis. Show all posts

Tuesday, March 27, 2018

Understanding Flow Sensing Technologies

When selecting a flow sensor, flow meter, or flow switch, one of the first considerations is always the process media: air, gas, steam or liquid. Some flow sensing technologies measure gas, some are better at liquids, some are best for a single media, such as steam, and others are good in multiple media. The industry’s major flow sensing technologies now available include:
Thermal
Thermal flow meters.
Depending on the process media and your application’s requirements, all of these technologies have their advantages/ disadvantages. By considering the process media to be measured, as well as your plant’s equipment and layout, environmental conditions, maintenance schedules, energy cost and ROI, you will be able to narrow the field to one or two best choices.

Coriolis
Coriolis
Coriolis (Mass): Coriolis flowmeters use the oscillating movement of two symmetric metal tubes that are made to vibrate from an internal driver coil.  When liquids or gases flow through the tubes, a phase shift occurs (like you see in the hose) and pickups measure the “twist” and then relate that value to the actual flow. In other words, the amount of twist is proportional to the mass flow rate of fluid passing through the tubes. The greater the twist, the larger the distance between, and the greater the flow.

Differential Pressure: The differential flow meter is the most common device for measuring fluid flow through pipes. Flow rates and pressure differential of fluids, such as gases vapors and liquids. The differential flow meter, whether Venturi tube, flow nozzle, or orifice plate style, is an in line instrument that is installed between two pipe flanges and measures the pressure drop across the flow restrictor and equates it to flow.

Magnetic
Magnetic
Electromagnetic: Magnetic flow meters, also called electromagnetic flow meters or "magmeters",operate on a very simple principal. An electrically conductive liquid moving through a magnetic field will generate a voltage that is related to the velocity of the liquid.

Positive Displacement: Provides a direct indication of actual volumetric flow rate. The fluid motion drives the mechanical assembly. As the fluid motion drives the positive displacement flowmeter assembly, its rotational, oscillating, or other regular movement is counted, often by electronic means using magnetic pickups on moving assembly. There are a number of different positive displacement flowmeter designs including oscillating piston, gear, nutating disk, rotary vane, and diaphragm.
Thermal
Thermal

Thermal (Mass): Measure flow by delivering heat into the flowing media and measuring the loss of heat between temperature measurement points. They are popular because they provide unrestricted flow, contain no moving parts, work well on large or small diameter pipes, provide accuracies over a wide range of flow rates, do not require temp/press compensation, and provide mass flow instead of volume.

Turbine
Turbine
Turbine: These types of flowmeters operate under the simple principle that the rotation of the turbine will be constant as the turbine is acted upon by a fluid passing through the flowmeter. The rotational velocity of the turbine is then interpreted as output, allowing for the operator to consistently monitor the flow rate of the process fluid. They are easy to maintain and reliable.
Ultrasonic
Ultrasonic

Ultrasonic: Measure, via sound waves, the velocity of liquid flowing through a pipe.  Doppler shift technology reflects ultrasonic beams off sonically reflective materials. The transit time method exploits the fact that the transmission speed of an ultrasonic signal depends on the flow velocity of the carrier medium. The use of ultrasonic flow technology is most used in the oil, nuclear, wastewater, pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries.
Variable Area
Variable Area

Variable Area: Measures flow rate by allowing the cross-sectional area the fluid travels through to vary, causing a measurable effect. Flow measurement is performed according to the float principle. Used to measure many different types of liquids and gases passing through closed piping.

Vortex Shedding
Vortex
Vortex Shedding: Refers to the phenomenon wherein flowing gas or liquid forms vortices around a solid obstruction placed in the flow path, which can be measured to calculate volumetric or mass flow. Measure the volumetric flow rate of steam, gas, and low viscosity liquids.

Contact Flow-Tech for any industrial or commercial flow application by calling 410-666-3200 in Maryland, or 804-752-3450 in Virginia. Visit https://flowtechonline.com.

Saturday, July 15, 2017

Solving Critical Process Applications for the Water and Wastewater Industry

Thermal Dispersion and Coriolis technology
From the early 1960s, Fluid Components International recognized the need for flow and level instrumentation which met specific customer requirements and demands for the Water and Wastewater Industry. By utilizing Thermal Dispersion and Coriolis technology exclusively in all FCI flow, level, interface, temperature switches and mass flow meters, our products solve typical Water and Wastewater Industry application challenges with standard product features such as:
  • No moving parts
  • All welded materials of construction 
  • Direct mass flow measurement
  • No pressure drop
  • Explosion-proof design
  • Wide flow range
  • Low flow capability
The document below outlines where and how Thermal Dispersion and Coriolis technology are used throughout water treatment facilities around the USA.

For more information on any water treatment process application, contact Flow-Tech at 410-666-3200 in Maryland, or 804-752-3450 in Virginia, or visit http://www.flowtechonline.com.

Friday, June 9, 2017

Yokogawa ROTAMASS "Total Insight" Line of Coriolis Flowmeters

ROTAMASS InsightIn the last decade, the use of Coriolis flow meters has been changing from general purpose to supporting your needs in specific applications.

While the technological complexity increased, the demand for simple operation and handling is also a rising requirement.

Yokogawa answers these needs by offering six dedicated product lines with two specialized transmitters allowing the highest flexibility - the ROTAMASS Total Insight.

Total Insight


The ROTAMASS philosophy gives Total Insight throughout the whole lifecycle.

To facilitate optimal processes and increase the efficiency of personnel, Yokogawa has placed a strong focus on simplifying fundamental operating concepts with Total Insight. The Total Insight concept is built in to the latest generation of Rotamass transmitters and provide enhanced settings for customized setups, pre-defined trend views, or multiple configuration sets for fast changeover in batch production are supported.

ROTAMASS NanoROTAMASS NANO - When every drop counts
The world's smallest dual bent tube Coriolis flow meter series for highly accurate measurement at lowest flows.
The dual tube design compensates for fluctuations of density, temperature, pressure and environment conditions. This provides a consistent repeatable and accurate measurement especially for small size Coriolis flow meters.
  • Typical Applications
    • Batching
    • Dosing
    • Blending
    • Chemical injection
    • Dosing systems
    • High pressure gases
    • Liquid and gas low flow measurement
    • Precision coatings
    • Metering pump control
    • Metrology
    • R&D laboratory
    • Vacuum thin film coating
ROTAMASS PrimeROTAMASS Prime - Versatile in applications
The favorably priced and versatile Coriolis flow meter with lowest pressure drop in the market. Ideal for a broad range of standard applications, this series is a flexible and cost effective solution for highly accurate flow and density measurements.
Features such as concentration measurement or the Tube Health Check function allow the meter to be adjusted to customer needs.
  • Typical Applications
    • Batching
    • Blending
    • Chemical recovery
    • Continuous reaction
    • In-line concentration and density measurement
    • Catalyst feed
    • Filling and dosing
    • Mass balance
    • Net oil computing
    • Palm oil
    • Process control
ROTAMASS SupremeROTAMASS Supreme - Experience meets innovation
The most accurate Coriolis flow meter with industry’s best zero stability.
The successful Rotamass series has been progressively developed and is also newly equipped with the latest technology. This meter delivers unsurpassed performance for demanding and critical applications with superior aeration handling and advanced diagnostic functionality.
  • Typical Applications
    • Batching
    • Burner control
    • Feed and product control
    • Filling and dosing
    • Gas void fraction
    • In-line concentration and density
    • Loss control
    • Material and mass balance
    • Net oil computing
    • Process control
    • Solvents
    • Water cut
ROTAMASS IntenseROTAMASS Intense - Safe under high pressure
The Coriolis meter with the most robust and durable design for precise measurement in high pressure applications.
Safety is always a concern and especially when operating at high pressures. Therefore, this series has been designed to meet the highest safety requirements. Combined with advanced diagnosis such as the “Total Health Check” function, operation is always under secure control.
  • Typical Applications
    • Chemical injection
    • Compressed gases
    • Fuels
    • Glycol TEG/MEG
    • High pressure gases
    • Hydraulic oil
    • Hydrocarbons
    • Liquified gases
    • Natural gas hydration
    • Offshore and onshore
    • Oil refinery processes
    • Solvents
ROTAMASS HygienicROTAMASS Hygienic - With pure dedication
Specifically designed and certified for food & beverage, biotechnology and pharmaceutical utility applications.
This series is the appropriate answer to the daily constraints of hygienic processes ensuring continuous product quality and minimizing losses. This is made easy by the provided multi-variable measurement and various dedicated features.
  • Typical Applications
    • Bioreactor feeds
    • Bottling
    • Carbonation of beverages
    • Deionized water
    • Fermentation
    • Juice processing
    • Molasses measurement
    • Online sugar concentration
    • Raw milk tanker unloading
    • Process water reclamation
    • Product quality control
    • Sugar industry
ROTAMASS GigaROTAMASS Giga - Big in performance
Delivering best in class accuracy and most flexible installation at high flow rates.
The unmatched accuracy at the low end of the measuring range offers maximum flexibility from engineering to final operation. This series unifies a long service life with low maintenance costs and reliable performance.
  • Typical Applications
    • Bitumen
    • Distribution networks
    • Drilling mud
    • LNG
    • Rail car loading
    • Ship loading
    • Truck loading
    • Tar
    • Offshore and onshore
    • Oil well cementing and hydrofracturing
Essential and Ultimate Transmitters

Future Ready. The ROTAMASS TI product family has a common and unified transmitter platform with two options that provide the highest flexibility and a tailor-made solution. The Essential transmitter is the cost effective solution for general purpose applications, and the Ultimate transmitter provides various additional features for best-in-class measurement.
Essential TransmitterEssential Transmitter
  • Wizard for easy setup and guidance through the main configuration
  • “Event Management” as unique and useful support to run the process effectively and safely
  • Data mobility provided by microSD card for easy transfer to other devices for fast setup or to pc for in-depth process analysis or remote service
  • Widest range of I/O combinations in the market for most flexible adjustment to the existing system periphery
  • Universal power supply to install the device anywhere in the world
  • HART communication
Ultamate TransmitterUltimate Transmitter
  • Patented “Tube Integrity” function and “TotalHealth Check” for inline meter verification without disturbing running measurements
  • “Features on demand” for easy expansion of special functions via software activation key
  • Batching function combined with multiple configuration sets to support fast changeover
  • “Dynamic Pressure Compensation” for consistently accurate and stable measurement even with significant fluctuations in operating pressures
  • Inline concentration measurement
  • Integrated net oil computing acc. API standard
For more information on ROTAMASS Total Insight in Virginia, visit http://www.flowtechonline.com or call 804-752-3450.

Wednesday, November 9, 2016

Box-In-Box Coriolis Flow Meter Design Explained



Yokogawa, manufacturer of the Rotomass Coriolis Flow Meter utilizing the patented "box-in-box" design, has produced a short video explaining how their design counteracts some of the environmental and process piping conditions that can negatively impact measurement of fluid flow. On Coriolis type flow instruments, conditions that apply stress to the sensor tube assembly can change the resonant frequency of the assembly, impacting the measured reading. The Yokogawa design employs a means to minimize or eliminate their effect, maintaining accurate measurement of flow in process piping.

Share your flow measurement challenges and requirements with product application specialists, combining your process knowledge with their application expertise to develop effective solutions.

Tuesday, May 31, 2016

The Coriolis Effect Simply Explained. And Then Not So Simply Explained.

This video very simply (and very elegantly) demonstrates the Coriolis Force through the use of a ordinary garden hose.




An Now the Not So Simple Explanation

This force occurs, when the medium being measured is flowing at velocity ν through a tube that is rotating around an axis perpendicular to the direction of flow at angular ϖ.
coriolis force

When the medium moves away from the axis of rotation it must be accelerated to an increasingly high peripheral velocity. The force required for this is called Coriolis force, after its discoverer. The Coriolis force reduces the rotation. The opposite effect occurs, when the medium flows towards the axis of rotation. Then the Coriolis force amplifies the rotation.

The formula for the Coriolis force is as follows:
coriolis force

The entire measurement tube is deformed slightly by the Coriolis forces, in the way shown. This deformation is registered by movement sensors at points S1 and S2 .

For practical exploitation of this physical principle, it is sufficient for the tube to perform sympathetic oscillations on a small section of a circular path. This is achieved by exciting the measurement tube at point E by means of an electromagnetic exciter.

Coriolis flowmeters use the oscillating movement of two symmetric metal tubes that are made to vibrate from an internal driver coil.  When liquids or gases flow through the tubes, a phase shift occurs (like you see in the hose) and pickups measure the “twist” and then relate that value to the actual flow. In other words, the amount of twist is proportional to the mass flow rate of fluid passing through the tubes. The greater the twist, the larger the distance between, and the greater the flow.


The general construction of a Coriolis mass flowmeter looks like the following:
Coriolis flowmeter
Coriolis flowmeter diagram (Yokogawa)