|Saving energy through non-invasive|
ultrasonic thermal energy management.
Tuesday, April 25, 2017
Monday, April 17, 2017
The MFC5150 is built on the SDC-625 infrastructure and runs Windows CE. With a 1GHz processor and an 4GBMicro SD card, this HART® communicator is ideal for all of your data storage needs.
The 4.3 inch touchscreen provides excellent anti-glare viewing, allowing for comfortable mobile use in darkness or in bright sunlight. All functions are easily navigated via the full QWERTY keyboard and intuitive icons similar to that of a smart phone.
The handheld HART device also features hyperlink menu paths, teachable device specific shortcuts, instant on, multiple languages, help context, video’s and TAB access to panes just like on a computer.
For more information visit Flow-Tech here, or call 410-666-3200 in Maryland or 804-752-3450 in Virginia.
Monday, April 10, 2017
|Flow transmitter (FCI)|
In general, transmitters accomplish three steps, including converting the initial signal twice.
The first step is the initial conversion which alters the input signal to make it linear. After an amplification of the converted signal, the second conversion changes the signal into either a standard electrical or pneumatic output signal that can be utilized by receiving instruments and devices. The third and final step is the actual output of the electrical or pneumatic signal to utilization equipment controllers, PLC, recorder, etc.
Transmitters are available for almost every measured parameter in process control, and often referred to according to the process condition which they measure. Some examples.
- Pressure transmitters
- Temperature transmitters
- Flow transmitters
- Level transmitters
- Vibration transmitters
- Current, voltage & power transmitters
- PH, conductivity, dissolved gas transmitters, etc.
Many transmitters are provided with higher order functions in addition to merely converting an input signal to an output signal. On board displays, keypads, Bluetooth connectivity, and a host of industry standard communication protocols can also be had as an integral part of many process transmitters. Other functions that provide alarm or safety action are more frequently part of the transmitter package, as well.
Wireless transmitters are also available, with some operating from battery power and negating the need for any wired connection at all. Process transmitters have evolved from simple signal conversion devices to higher functioning, efficient, easy to apply and maintain instruments utilized for providing input to process control systems.
Thursday, March 30, 2017
With oil‐burning and gas‐burning boiler efficiencies over 90%, power plants are examining all associated processes and controls for efficiency improvements. Between 1 and 3% of the gross work produced by a boiler is used to pump feedwater. One method of improving overall efficiency is by controlling feedwater pump speed to save on pump power.
Read the entire document below. Contact Flow-Tech with any questions regarding boiler optimization. In Maryland call 410-666-3200. In Virginia call 804-752-3450.
Tuesday, March 28, 2017
Tuesday, March 21, 2017
|Process Controllers used with thermocouples or RTDs|
for temperature control (courtesy of Yokogawa)
For industrial process applications, the temperature control function is found in two basic forms. It can reside as an operational feature within a programmable logic controller or other centralized process control device or system. Another form is a standalone process temperature controller, with self-contained input, output, processing, and user interface. Depending upon the needs of the application, one may have an advantage over the other. The evolution of both forms, integrated and standalone, has resulted in each offering consistently greater levels of functionality.
There are two basic means of temperature control, regardless of the actual device used. Open loop control delivers a predetermined amount of output action without regard to the process condition. Its simplicity makes open loop control economical. Best applications for this type of control action are processes that are well understood and that can tolerate a potentially wide variation in temperature. A change in the process condition will not be detected, or responded to, by open loop control. The second temperature control method, and the one most employed for industrial process control, is closed loop.
Closed loop control relies on an input that represents the process condition, an algorithm or internal mechanical means to produce an output action related to the process condition, and some type of output device that delivers the output action. Closed loop controllers require less process knowledge on the part of the operator than open loop to regulate temperature. The controllers rely on the internal processing and comparison of input (process temperature) to a setpoint value. The difference between the two is the deviation or error. Generally, a greater error will produce a greater change in the output of the controller, delivering more heating or cooling to the process and driving the process temperature toward the setpoint.
The current product offering for standalone closed loop temperature controllers ranges from very simple on/off regulators to highly developed products with multiple inputs and outputs, as well as many auxiliary functions and communications. The range of product features almost assures a unit is available for every application. Evaluating the staggering range of products available and producing a good match between process requirements and product capabilities can be facilitated by reaching out to a process control products specialist. Combine your own process knowledge and experience with their product application expertise to develop effective solution options.
Wednesday, March 15, 2017
[All quoted passages in this article are taken from the Yokogawa e-book]
has authored an e-book which provides useful insight into how operators of combustion based equipment and systems can improve efficiency and enhance safety by employing modern technology.
The Yokogawa e-book Combustion & Fired Heater Optimization offers "an analytical approach to improving safe & efficient operations" related to the use of combustion & fired heaters in the process industries. Through presenting an overview of combustion sources, such as furnaces and fired heaters, the book states that while "fired heaters pose a series of problems from safety risks to poor energy efficiency," those problems "represent an opportunity for improved safety, control, energy efficiency and environmental compliance." Fired heaters "account for 37% of the U.S. manufacturing energy end use." Tunable Diode Laser Spectrometer (TDLS) technology helps mitigate safety concerns by "measuring average gas concentrations across the high temperature radiant sections."
The book states that the four main concerns applicable to fired heaters are asset sustainability, inefficient operations, the operator skillset, and safety and compliance. Outdated diagnostics and controls have placed unnecessary stress on operator response, making sustainability of fired heaters difficult. The emissions of fired heaters are generally higher than designed, and can be coupled with control schemes for firing rates little changed over the past 40 years. Operators, generally, lack a clear understanding of design, and even engineering principles of heat transfer are not typically included in education related to fired heaters. Confounding the situation further, "many natural draft heaters do not meet this [safety regulation] guideline with existing instrumentation and control systems." These complications combine to form a noticeable problem Yokogawa's technology hopes to address. The company notes how the fired heater relies on natural draft instead of forced air, meaning the heaters "typically lack the degree of automation applied to other process units in the plant." Offering a full detail of both the control state of most fired heaters and their systems defines the process situation currently considered common in the field, while emphasizing high excess air as providing a "false sense of safety."
The proposed TDLS system allows for the measurement of "both the upper and lower conditions in a fired heater" by "simultaneously controlling the fuel and air supply based on fast sample intervals." Safer burner monitoring and heater efficiency results from the TDLS measurements of CO, CH4, and O2. The optimization of air flow control reduces "O2 concentration … from 6% to 2%" and increases the furnace's thermal efficiency. Combustion control is achieved by managing fuel flow and the arch draft. The TDLS integrated system works in tandem with already established logic solver systems in the plant. The TDLS technology works as a non-contacting measurement with "full diagnostic capability" and offers "distinct advantages over single point in situ analyzers" via reduction of false readings. Specific gas measurements, fast response time, optical measurement technology, and "high and variable light obstruction" are featured components of the TDLS system highlighted to show the technology's durability and flexibility. The longevity and reliability of the system is showcased by how the TDLS combustion management system has been operational in a major refinery since 2010. The percentage of excess O2 in sample fired heaters has decreased by 1% to 1.5%. Measurements by the TDLS system have been verified by other gas analyzers. The furnace conditions in the plant are more efficiently monitored and controlled. As a result, the furnace in the functional environment is "now near its optimum operating point, using minimum excess air."
Yokogawa presents a process-related problem, then details the key points of the problem while unpacking the causes. The e-book introduces Yokogawa's technology, explains the mechanics, and demonstrates how TDLS acts as a solution to the problem, supported by a tangible example. The book offers great insight for both the operational principles of fired heaters and a new technology designed to maximize efficiency in the control process.
The e-book can be downloaded here. More detail is available from product application specialists, with whom you should share your combustion and fired heater related challenges. Combining your own facilities and process knowledge and experience with their product application expertise will lead to effective solutions.